Additonal Comments - Administration Of Lron
Administration of iron
Piglets’ weight quadruples in the ﬁrst three weeks after birth, which means that they have to form a vast amount of blood in this period. As their daily iron requirement (approx. 7 mg) is signiﬁcantly higher than what they receive through the sow milk (approx. 1 mg), the innate iron depot (approx. 50 mg) will be used after approx. 1 week.
It is recommended to inject iron or administer it orally to ensure that all piglets get iron.
The risk of arthritis increases signiﬁcantly if the level of hygiene is not suﬃciently high.
Iron powder must be administered over several days. Pale piglets may be an indication that iron supply is too low. If drinking iron is used in the form of supplementary feed, ensure that the piglets have suﬃcient access to ﬂuid in the form of sow milk。
Additional Comments – Castration
The sound level during castration exceeds the legal limit, and ear defenders are therefore necessary.
It is essential to keep the tools clean by cleaning them in hot water and disinfecting them in spirits between each castration. This helps prevent infections and inguinal abscesses, which are often caused by poor hygiene. See 29 - Essential statutory requirements to the farrowing facility
A requirement for pain relief during castration came into force on June 1, 2009. Treatment must be administered via injection behind the ear either at the same time as castration or before castration (max. 60 minutes before). Pain relief drugs are prescribed by the vet.
Castrate piglets as early as possible within the ﬁrst 2-7 days of their life. Only staﬀ trained and experienced in castration is allowed to perform the procedure. Castration after day 7 of the piglet’s life must be performed by a vet, and must be performed under prolonged analgesia.
The smaller the opening, the lower the risk of infection. Note that it is only legal to CUT the spermatic cord. Mortality is signiﬁcantly lower among male piglets compared with male piglets that have had the spermatic cord torn.
During castration, intestinal prolapse should be avoided. If it happens: Intestinal prolapse through the castration hole: destroy the piglet. Intestinal prolapse inside the skin (hernia / inguinal hernia): closely observe the piglet afterwards. If the hernia grows too big, destroy the piglet.
Return the piglet to the pen as quickly as possible to avoid stressing the piglet. Mortality increases if the piglets are not returned gently to the pen.
For more information on cleaning, see the section below on tail docking.
Additional Comments - Tail Docking
实施断尾可能是必须的。如果断尾是在不麻醉的 情况下进行的，应在仔猪2-4日龄内完成，且断尾的长度不能超过一半。（参见29-产房中的基本法 定要求）。
It may be necessary to dock piglets’ tails. If tail docking is performed without anaesthesia, it must be done within the ﬁrst 2-4 days of the piglets’ lives and no more than half of the tail must be docked. See 29 - Essential statutory requirements to the farrowing facility.
Use electricity or gas to heat the burner. Change knives when the blades are no longer sharp - make sure to have spare knives ready. Keep the knife clean to ensure an optimum function of the burner.
Do not be so busy that you have to pull/tear the last piece of the tail.
A bleeding tail is a portal of entry for infections in joints, along the spine and in the brain.
No further comments.
Tail docking must be hygienic to avoid inﬂammation of the brain and tail or arthritis. Therefore keep the tools clean. Use a stiﬀ brush to clean the knife.
Additional Comments - Tooth Polishing
It may be necessary to polish a piglet’s teeth to protect litter mates and the sow’s udder from being scratched by their sharp canine teeth. It is illegal to clip piglets’ teeth. See 29 - Essential statutory requirements to the farrowing facility.
If too much is polished or the gums are damaged, the piglets have an increased risk of contracting arthitis or blood poisoning.
See 29 - Essential statutory requirements to the farrowing facility.